Before any hair restoration surgery can be scheduled, your physician hair restoration specialist may ask you certain questions about your lifestyle, health and any medications you might take. This is so they can try to determine your risk for any complications that may occur after surgery. Although hair transplantation is not a risky surgery in itself, complications such as infection, excessive bleeding and delayed healing can still occur. Certain factors can increase your risk for these complications, and they include:

  • Tobacco use
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Obesity
  • Malnutrition (including bulimia and anorexia)
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Herbal supplements
  • Immunosuppressive disease (ie. HIV, AIDS)
  • Diabetes or other chronic metabolic disease
  • Chronic disease of the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, or gastrointestinal system
  • Chronic or recurrent skin infections
  • Chronic or recurrent bacterial or viral infections
  • Medications that decrease the ability of the blood to clot
  • Conditions that require antibiotics prophylaxis

In many cases, the long term use of these factors would increase your risk for complications more so than occasional use. Therefore, it is important that you inform your physician hair restoration specialist of any of these risk factors, even if they may be embarrassing to discuss for you. It is unlikely that you would be denied hair transplantation due to these risk factors. Rather, your doctor would be made aware of any possible complications and may be able to take precautionary steps to further decrease their risk. You might also be asked to try and avoid some of these risks for a few weeks before and after your surgery, if possible. Remember, the postoperative complications could impact your final results, and both you and your physician would want the best outcome possible.

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